Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
What Is A Sexually Transmitted Disease?
STD’s is a disease in which it is transmitted person-to-person via sexual methods.Sexually Transmitted Diseases are often difficult to discuss yet a serious issue which should not be ignored. At the Medical Offices of Manhattan, we care about your well-being. We recommend STD testing for sexually active patients, whether or not symptoms are visibly present.
What Are The Causes Of A Sexually Transmitted Infection?
Sexually transmitted diseases are caused by viral or bacterial infections that are transmitted through bodily fluids during sexaul activity.
What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of A Sexually Transmitted Disease?
Many STDs are “silent,” which means they may not show symptoms until the disease progresses. This puts patients in danger of unknowingly spreading disease and of not receiving proper treatment when it can be most effective. The key signs are:
- Sores or bumps on the genitals or in the oral or rectal area
- Painful or burning urination
- Discharge from the penis
- Unusual or odd-smelling vaginal discharge
- Unusual vaginal bleeding
- Pain during sex
- Sore, swollen lymph nodes, particularly in the groin but sometimes more widespread
- Lower abdominal pain
- Rash over the trunk, hands or feet
What Are The Risk Factors Of A STD?
The risk factors are sexually active individuals with multiple sexual partners without proper contraceptive protection. The more the engagement in sexual activity, the greater the risk of contracting an STD.
How Is A STD Diagnosed?
The majority of STDs, with the exception of a few, can be diagnosed clinically presenting with signs and symptoms. STD can be both viral and bacterial with distinctive presenting characteristics. For example, HSV can be asymptomatically present in a clinical setting if its disease is in remission. However, when inflamed it can present with painful blisters in the genital region, distinguishing it from HPV where papillomas are painless. Both present with genital warts however either can be clinically diagnosed based on clinical signs and symptoms. Blood tests can also help patients be aware of exposure of viral antibody titers which can help aid in the diagnosis of disease as well.
What Are The Possible Treatments For A Sexually Transmitted Disease?
Most STDs can be treated with antibacterial and or antiviral medications.
Are There Preventative Steps Or Measures To Avoid A Sexually Transmitted Infection?
The best way to avoid STDs are using protective barriers like condoms. Other methods that are not so popular is to practice abstinence.
Testing is offered for:
- Herpes I & II
- Human papillomavirus (HPV)
- Viral Hepatitis
What Are The Risks If A STI Is Left Untreated?
Certain STDs can have long term consequences like syphilis which can lead to damage to the internal organs, including the brain, nerves, eyes, heart, blood vessels, liver, bones, and joints. Untreated Herpes that is active in pregnant females, prevents vaginal delivery because it can lead to prenatal herpes, a major cause of newborn blindness. HIV, AIDS can lead to immunocompromised status that can be fatal if left untreated. Gonorrhea and chlamydia can lead to infertility. It is always advised to get any STDs treated right away.
Key takeaways for STDs is to remain cautious when engaging in sexual activity. Always practice safe sex with protective contraception. Know your partner’s history well. Get tested if you suspect contracting a disease. STDs typically present with a clinical presentation. Do not leave STDs untreated and seek proper treatment from your physician.