Download Our Free App
Medical Offices of Manhattan

What are Bunions?

Bunions are bony bumps that form at the base of the big toe due to misalignment of the bones.

What Are The Causes of Bunions?

Bunions can be caused by an inherited structural defect in the foot, which makes some individuals more prone to developing them. Wearing tight or narrow shoes, especially with pointed toes, can contribute to the formation of bunions by squeezing the toes together and putting pressure on the joint.

What Are The Signs And Symptoms of Bunions?

Signs and symptoms of bunions typically include a bony bump at the base of the big toe, redness, swelling, and tenderness in the affected area. The big toe may also point inward or toward the other toes, causing discomfort, pain while walking or wearing shoes, and limited mobility of the affected joint.

What Are The Risk Factors of Bunions?

Several risk factors can increase the likelihood of developing bunions. These include:

  • Genetics: Bunions can run in families, suggesting a genetic predisposition to the condition.
  • Gender: Women are more prone to developing bunions than men, possibly due to wearing high-heeled and narrow-toed shoes.
  • Improper footwear: Wearing tight, narrow, or high-heeled shoes can contribute to the development of bunions by placing excessive pressure on the toes and the front of the foot.
  • Foot structure: Certain foot abnormalities, such as flat feet or low arches, can increase the risk of bunions.
  • Age: Bunions tend to become more common with age, as the wear and tear on the feet over time can exacerbate any underlying factors.
  • Inflammatory conditions: Certain medical conditions like rheumatoid arthritis can contribute to the development of bunions.

It’s important to note that while these risk factors may increase the chances of developing bunions, they do not guarantee their occurrence.

How are Bunions Diagnosed?

Bunions are typically diagnosed through a physical examination and medical history review by a healthcare professional, such as a podiatrist. The doctor will assess the appearance of the foot and may measure the angle between the big toe and the rest of the foot. They will also evaluate any pain, redness, or swelling associated with the bunion. In some cases, X-rays may be ordered to further assess the severity of the condition, determine any underlying structural abnormalities, and help guide the appropriate treatment plan.

What Are Possible Treatments For Bunions?

Treatment for bunions can include non-surgical approaches like wearing comfortable shoes, using padding or cushions, applying ice packs, taking pain relievers, and using orthotic devices. Foot exercises, medications (such as corticosteroid injections), and surgical intervention may also be options depending on the severity of the bunion and symptoms.

Are There Preventative Steps or Measures To Avoid Bunions?

To help prevent bunions, choose properly fitting shoes with a wide toe box and good arch support. Maintain a healthy weight, practice good foot care habits, and use appropriate footwear for physical activities. Regular foot examinations by a healthcare professional are also recommended.

What Are The Risks If Bunions Are Left Untreated?

If left untreated, bunions can cause increased pain, difficulty finding comfortable footwear, bursitis, hammertoes, metatarsalgia, foot deformity, and reduced quality of life.

Are There Other Related Conditions To Bunions?

Bunions can be associated with several related conditions, including hammertoes (toe deformities), bursitis (inflammation of fluid-filled sacs), metatarsalgia (pain in the ball of the foot), hallux valgus (misalignment of the big toe joint), and arthritis. Seeking medical evaluation is important to address these conditions and determine appropriate treatment.

Meet Medical Offices of Manhattan

Medical Offices of Manhattan is one of NYC's leading multi-specialty medical groups. Located in Midtown East, Upper East Side, Upper West Side, Medical Offices of Manhattan specializes in Primary Care, Cardiology, Dermatology, Endocrinology, Gastroenterology, and Podiatry. Medical Offices of Manhattan uses the most innovative methods... Learn More »