STD’s is a disease in which it is transmitted person-to-person via sexual methods.Sexually Transmitted Diseases are often difficult to discuss yet a serious issue which should not be ignored. At the Medical Offices of Manhattan, we care about your well-being. We recommend STD testing for sexually active patients, whether or not symptoms are visibly present.
Sexually transmitted diseases are caused by viral or bacterial infections that are transmitted through bodily fluids during sexaul activity.
Many STDs are “silent,” which means they may not show symptoms until the disease progresses. This puts patients in danger of unknowingly spreading disease and of not receiving proper treatment when it can be most effective. The key signs are:
The risk factors are sexually active individuals with multiple sexual partners without proper contraceptive protection. The more the engagement in sexual activity, the greater the risk of contracting an STD.
The majority of STDs, with the exception of a few, can be diagnosed clinically presenting with signs and symptoms. STD can be both viral and bacterial with distinctive presenting characteristics. For example, HSV can be asymptomatically present in a clinical setting if its disease is in remission. However, when inflamed it can present with painful blisters in the genital region, distinguishing it from HPV where papillomas are painless. Both present with genital warts however either can be clinically diagnosed based on clinical signs and symptoms. Blood tests can also help patients be aware of exposure of viral antibody titers which can help aid in the diagnosis of disease as well.
Most STDs can be treated with antibacterial and or antiviral medications.
The best way to avoid STDs are using protective barriers like condoms. Other methods that are not so popular is to practice abstinence.
Testing is offered for:
Certain STDs can have long term consequences like syphilis which can lead to damage to the internal organs, including the brain, nerves, eyes, heart, blood vessels, liver, bones, and joints. Untreated Herpes that is active in pregnant females, prevents vaginal delivery because it can lead to prenatal herpes, a major cause of newborn blindness. HIV, AIDS can lead to immunocompromised status that can be fatal if left untreated. Gonorrhea and chlamydia can lead to infertility. It is always advised to get any STDs treated right away.
Key takeaways for STDs is to remain cautious when engaging in sexual activity. Always practice safe sex with protective contraception. Know your partner’s history well. Get tested if you suspect contracting a disease. STDs typically present with a clinical presentation. Do not leave STDs untreated and seek proper treatment from your physician.