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What happens in the brain during a migraine and how do you treat it?

Many changes take place in one’s brain during a migraine. These alterations affect how the brain’s neurons, blood vessels, and chemical messengers function. The increased activity of the brain’s blood vessels and nerves during a migraine specifically can result in pain, throbbing, and sensitivity to light and sound.

Treatment depends on your experience

Several ways to treat migraines include lifestyle changes and over-the-counter and prescription drugs. The triptan drug class, which lessens the activity of specific nerve cells and blood arteries in the brain, is one of the most widely used treatments for migraines. Painkillers like acetaminophen or ibuprofen, as well as preventative drugs like beta blockers or antidepressants, may also be used to treat migraines.

Chronic migraines are among the many medical disorders for which Botox (Botulinum toxin) is used as a treatment. By preventing the production of specific molecules that send pain signals, Botox is thought to help treat migraines.

A change in lifestyle can also lessen the severity of migraines or assist avoid them. You might practice stress-relieving exercises like yoga or meditation, get adequate sleep, avoid stressors like caffeine or alcohol, and exercise frequently.

The individual and the degree of their symptoms will determine the best course of action for treating migraines. Collaborating with a healthcare professional is crucial to develop the best treatment strategy for you.

Is a migraine a chronic illness?

If a migraine occurs for 15 or more days per month for at least three months, it is frequently categorized as chronic. Persistent migraines may require ongoing therapy, including medication and lifestyle adjustments, to lessen the frequency and intensity of symptoms. They can significantly negatively impact a person’s quality of life.

Not all migraines are chronic; some people may experience episodic headaches, which happen less frequently. It’s a good idea to consult with a healthcare provider if you often have headaches or migraines in order to receive a proper diagnosis and treatment plan. Read more about migraines here.