Food allergies are a common condition in which the immune system misidentifies certain foods as harmful and causes an allergic reaction. This reaction can range from mild symptoms like hives and itching to severe symptoms like anaphylaxis, a potentially fatal condition that requires immediate medical attention.
There is still much to learn about the precise origins of food allergies. Yet, evidence indicates that the immune system, environment, and heredity are all involved. Some people may be genetically predisposed to having food allergies, which means that their genes may increase their risk of doing so. Food allergies may also arise as a result of dietary changes and environmental factors like pollution.
The symptoms of an allergic reaction are brought on by the production of histamine and other substances, which are triggered by these antibodies. A person’s reaction could worsen when their immune system grows more sensitive to the allergen the more frequently they are exposed to the food.
Peanuts, tree nuts, shellfish, fish, milk, eggs, wheat, and soy are examples of common food allergens. However, an allergic reaction can occur to any food. It’s also important to keep in mind that some people may experience cross-reactivity, in which their immune system confuses one food for another because the two share similar proteins. For instance, melons and ragweed both contain proteins that can cause allergic reactions in some people. It’s important to share your suspicions with your doctor and get tested to confirm the diagnosis if you have a food allergy.