Both Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are examples of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which means that they both cause inflammation and harm to the digestive system.
While Crohn’s disease can affect any part of the digestive tract, including the mouth and the anus, UC only affects the colon (large intestine) and rectum.
Another difference is that Crohn’s disease can cause patches of inflammation that can affect the entire thickness of the intestinal wall. However, UC causes a continuous inflammation that is only present in the colon and rectum’s innermost layer.
The symptoms of each disease are different too. UC patients may experience symptoms such as bloody diarrhea, abdominal pain, and a strong desire to urinate. People with Crohn’s disease, on the other hand, may experience a broader range of symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, weight loss, and fatigue.
Both diseases can be treated with medication, dietary changes, and, in some cases, surgery. For proper diagnosis and treatment, it is essential to consult with a healthcare professional.
Although Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) cannot be completely avoided, there are several steps you can take to lower your risk of developing the condition or to reduce the severity of your symptoms if you have already been diagnosed. Here are some simple tips:
It’s also important to see your doctor on a regular basis and get screened for IBD if you have a higher risk, such as a family history of the disease.